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Vat Savitri Puja 2023: The Vat Savitri Puja vrat, also known as Jyeshtha Amavasya, is a significant Hindu festival in India. While it is observed as Vat Purnima Vrat in the southern states of Gujarat and Maharashtra, the festival is observed as Jyeshtha Amavasya in states like Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh.
Hindu women fast and offer prayers for their husband’s long life and well-being on the festival day. Jyeshtha Amavasya is observed on May 19th, 2023; Vat Purnima Vrat is observed on June 3rd.
For married Hindu women, the Vat Savitri Vrat is a significant ritual that is observed either on the ‘Purnima’ (full moon day) or ‘Amavasya’ (no moon day) in the month of ‘Jyeshtha’ according to the conventional Hindu calendar. The 13th day, or “trayodashi,” marks the start of the fasting rite, which lasts until Purnima or Amavasya.
Married Indian women follow the Vat Savitri Vrat to ensure the health and longevity of their husbands and offspring. Hindu mythology claims that on this day, Devi Savitri forced Lord Yamaraja, the God of Death, to grant her spouse Satyawan’s life back. Because of her devotion, Lord Yamaraja brought back her deceased husband. The ‘Vat’ (Bargad) tree has since received prayers from married ladies, and Savitri is also venerated as ‘Devi Savitri’ on this day.
The Hindu holiday known as Vat Savitri Vrat is a unique celebration for married ladies. Another name for this celebration is Vat Amavasya. Women in relationships commemorate this holiday. The married woman creates a symbol of her love for her husband at this event by wrapping a sacred thread around a banyan tree. Savitri and Satyavan’s tale serves as the inspiration for the event. This fast, as it is depicted in the Mahabharata, has come to represent aspirational femininity in Indian culture.
There is much controversy about this fast. According to Skanda Purana and Bhavishya Purana, it is prohibited to fast on the day of the full moon in Shukla Paksha of the Jyeshtha month, however, according to Nirnayamrita and other sources, this is not the case.
The goal of this fast remains the same despite the variations in dates. Many women adhere to the belief that this fast should be observed between Trayodashi and Amavasya in the Jyeshtha month and between Trayodashi and Poornima in the Shukla Paksha. The majority of devotees of Lord Vishnu observe this fast on full moons.
Both “Vat” and “Savitri” have been regarded as being of particular significance in the Vat Savitri fast. To the banyan, the vat is the same as the tree. Hinduism accords the banyan tree’s significant significance. The Puranas make it clear that Mahesh, Vishnu, and Brahma all reside in the vat. In Indian culture, Savitri is revered as a historical figure. Savitri is another name for Saraswati and Ved Mata Gayatri.
Vat Savitri puja, also known as Jyeshtha Amavasya, is observed in the month of Jyeshtha on Amavasya tithi following the Amanta calendar of 2023. The fast falls on the day of Jyeshtha Amavasya according to the Purnima Calendar 2023 observed in North Indian states including Bihar, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh.
|Sunrise||May 19, 2023, 5:48 AM|
|Sunset||May 19, 2023, 6:58 PM|
|Amavasya Tithi Begins||May 18, 2023, 9:43 PM|
|Amavasya Tithi Ends||May 19, 2023, 9:23 PM|
The event honours Devi Savitri, who forced the Lord of Death (Yama Raj) to give her deceased spouse’s life. Women offer prayers to a banyan tree on this day. Celebrations are held twice a year following the Hindu lunar calendar.
According to Hindu mythology, the Vat (Banyan) tree symbolizes the “Trimurtis,” or Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma, and Lord Shiva. People who worship a banyan tree are purported to be fortunate. Numerous writings and Puranas, like the Skanda Purana, Bhavishyottara Purana, Mahabharata, etc., discuss the significance of the fast.
Hindu married women fast and perform Vat Savitri rituals to wish for their husbands’ wealth, well-being, and longevity. The observance of Vat Savitri Vrat is seen as a sign of a married woman’s commitment to and genuine love for her husband.
According to legend, on the counsel of a sage, King Ashvapati and his childless queen of the Madra Kingdom diligently performed a puja in honour of the Sun God Savitr. The goddess, pleased with the couple’s devotion, gave them a daughter, whom they called Savitri in her honour. The girl lived a hermit’s lifestyle despite being born to a monarch.
The monarch instructed Savitri to hunt for a husband for herself after failing to locate a suitable marriage for his daughter. In her search for a potential spouse, Savitri met Satyavan, the exiled blind King Dyumatsena’s son. When she told her father about her choice, Narad Muni intervened and said that Satyavan, the man she had chosen as her husband, would pass away within a year and wouldn’t be given any more time on earth.
King Asvapati submitted to Savitri’s will after all attempts to persuade her to change her mind failed. Satyavan’s parents resided in the forest, so Savitri followed her husband there after they got married. She abandoned her regal attire and decided to live as a hermit, which suited her temperament and her husband’s lifestyle.
Savitri began fasting three days before the day of reckoning, and on the designated day, she went to the forest with her husband. Satyavan died after falling off a banyan tree while chopping wood. The death god Yama came to reclaim Satyavan’s soul.
Legend says that Savitri pursued Lord Yama and would not give up the fight. After she followed Yama for three days and nights, he gave in and told her to wish for anything other than Satyavan’s life. She continued to pursue Yama when her first and second wishes—to regain her father-in-law’s kingdom and his sight—were fulfilled.
Yama faced a conundrum when Savitri requested a hundred children with Satyavan. Yama granted the young woman Satyavan’s life after being moved by her devotion to her husband.
Since that time, millions of married Hindu women have observed and celebrated the Vat Savitri Vrat to ensure the longevity of their husbands.
Before dawn, women take a holy bath containing Amla (Indian gooseberry) and til (sesame seeds), after which they dress in clean clothing. They apply vermillion, dress in bangles (accessories associated with married women), and promise to fast for nirjala (no water intake).
When the fast lasts for three days straight, devotees drink water along with the Vat (Banyan) tree roots. They wrap a crimson or yellow sacred thread around the Vat tree’s trunk after praying to it.
Women worship the banyan tree by giving it food, flowers, and water while reciting prayers while they parikrama (round) the tree. If a banyan tree is unavailable, worshippers can still carry out the rituals by drawing a picture of it on a wooden base using sandalwood paste or turmeric.
On the day of Vat Savitri, devotees must also make unique dishes and sacred cuisine. Prasad is distributed to all family members after puja. Women ask the elderly in their households for blessings as well. Devotees should provide the less fortunate with clothing, food, money, and other necessities.
Under a banyan tree, idols of Savitri, Satyavan, and Yama riding a buffalo should be worshipped, and water should be offered to the tree’s roots. Water, Mouli, Roli, unwashed cotton, soaking gram, flowers, and incense should be available for worship. After watering the banyan tree, walk three times around the stem while holding a piece of unprocessed thread. The tale of Satyavan and Savitri should then be heard. Then, after removing the seeds and saving as much money as you can on the soaked gram, give it to your mother-in-law and touch her feet.
Shlokas and Mantra:
‘Avaidvayam Cha Saubhagyam Delhi Tvam Mam Sruvate |
Putran Pautrashchva Cha Guhanaghyn Namostu Te ||’
Women take a holy bath in the morning on this lucky day. This sacred bath is thought to cleanse both the body and the mind. Married women who choose to participate in this vrat and puja should dress in new, vibrant clothing, wear eye-catching jewellery, and apply vermillion to their foreheads.
They applied one Banyan leaf to their hair. Women also present the Goddess Savitri with nine different kinds of fruits. The remainder of the day is spent observing Savitri Vrat Katha while wet pulses, rice, mangos, jackfruits, palm fruits, kendu, bananas, and various other fruits are offered as Bhoga (offerings).
After the women have finished their vrat, they eat the Bhogal and ask the husband and the family’s elders for their blessings.
Vat Savitri puja 2023 vrat is thought to bestow good fortune and a better life for married Hindu women. A married Hindu lady might provide her husband luck, a long life, and prosperity if she observes the fast with devotion. Women who observe all of the Vat Savitri Vrat rites benefit from a joyful and contented marital existence.
On the Hindu fasting day known as Vat Purnima, married women in India pray to Satyavan-Savitri and Goddess Gauri for the happiness, health, longevity, and prosperity of their husbands as well as for a happy and harmonious marriage. While those in the southern Indian states observe their fast on the Jyestha Purnima or full moon day, those in the northern Indian states observe their fast on the Jyeshtha Amavasya, or dark moon day.
Hindu brides take an auspicious bath, put on a bridal outfit, and fine jewelry, and apply vermillion to their foreheads.
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Q. Why is the Vat Savitri puja performed by the devotee?
Hindu women fast and offer prayers for their husband’s long life and well-being on the festival day. For married Hindu women, the Vat Savitri Vrat is a significant ritual that is observed either on the ‘Purina’ (full moon day) or ‘Amavasya’ (no moon day) in the month of ‘Jyeshtha’ according to the conventional Hindu calendar.
Q. When is the Vat Savitri puja scheduled?
Vat Savitri puja, also known as Jyeshtha Amavasya, is observed in the month of Jyeshtha on Amavasya tithi following the Amanta calendar of 2023. The fast falls on the day of Jyeshtha Amavasya according to the Purnimanta calendar 2023 observed in North Indian states including Bihar, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh.
Q. What is the date of Vat Savitri puja 2023?
A. Jyeshtha Amavasya was observed on May 19th, 2023; Vat Purnima Vrat will be observed on June 3rd.
Q. What is the significance of Vat Savitri puja?
A. Hindu mythology claims that on this day, Devi Savitri forced Lord Yamaraja, the God of Death, to grant her spouse Satyawan’s life back. Because of her devotion, Lord Yamaraja brought back her deceased husband. The ‘Vat’ (Bargad) tree has since received prayers from married ladies, and Savitri is also venerated as ‘Devi Savitri’ on this day.
Q. What is the puja samagri required for Vat Savitri puja?
A. To execute Vat Savitri puja, you’ll need a vase filled with water, raw yarn, maroon thread, roli, sindoor, akshat, sweets, flowers, incense sticks, dhoop, a bamboo basket, a bamboo fan, and soaked chickpeas.
Q. Why is the banyan tree worshipped during Vat Savitri puja?
A. According to Hindu mythology, the Vat (Banyan) tree represents the “Trimurtis,” or Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma, and Lord. People who worship a banyan tree are purported to be fortunate. Numerous writings and Puranas, like the Skanda Purana, Bhavishyottara Purana, Mahabharata, etc., discuss the significance of the fast.