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Konark Sun Temple: History, Architecture, Mystery, and How to Reach

99Pandit Ji
Last Updated:March 18, 2024

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Konark Sun Temple is a magnificent monument located on the East Coast of India. This magnificent temple dedicated to Lord Sun is more than just a place of worship. Artistically speaking, it is more of a poem carved in stone.

The architecture of Konark Sun temple has influenced many modern-day buildings in India including the parliament building in New Delhi. It is an existing testament to the engineering prowess and architectural brilliance of the bygone era.

Konark Sun Temple

This blog post covers all the important information you need to know about the Sun temple in Konark. This post unravels the history, intricate sculptures, architectural marvels, and mysteries surrounding this marvel dedicated to Lord Sun.

Konark Sun Temple: UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Konark Sun Temple is one of the most magnificent temples dedicated to Lord Sun. This architectural marvel located in the Eastern state of Odisha is admired by visitors visiting this site from many countries of the world.

The Konark Sun Temple was given UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1984. UNESCO gives this recognition only to architectural marvels. The Konark Sun Temple is one such marvel.

It was given this recognition because of its intricate carvings, magnificent architecture, and rich cultural heritage preserved for more than one thousand years.

This gem stands tall as a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the craftsmen who built it in the 13th century. UNESCO World Heritage Site has further helped in the preservation and protection of this iconic monument for future generations.

Temple History

The origins of the Sun Temple can be traced back to the 13th century. This magnificent temple was built by King Narasimhadeva I, a ruler of the Eastern Ganga dynasty. Historical evidence suggests that this temple could have been built to celebrate King Narasimhadeva I’s military victory.

The word Konark is derived from the Sanskrit words ‘Konn’ and ‘Ark’. Konn means corner and ark means Sun. Thus, the word Konark translates into ‘corner of Lord Sun’ or ‘Place of Lord Sun’. This meaning clearly reflects the dedication of this temple to Lord Sun.




The shape of this temple, designed in the form of a chariot, is positioned as if it is ready to carry Lord Sun across the sky. The main tower of this temple, also known as Vimana, collapsed centuries ago. It is believed that it had collapsed as a result of a variety of reasons including inclement weather and shifting of the foundations.

Despite the collapse of the Vimana structure, the remaining structure of the temple stands tall as a powerful symbol of resilience. It is a testament to the original grandeur of this magnificent temple.

Grand Chariot of Konark Sun Temple

The most striking feature of the Konark Sun Temple is its unique design. It is not like most traditional temples in India. This temple is in the form of a colossal chariot carrying Lord Sun across the heavens. The design of this temple goes way beyond the normal architecture and design of temples.

Konark Sun Temple

The entire structure of Konark Sun Temple is built with Khodalite rock. Khondalite rocks are reddish brown. The magnificent part is that this rock turns to an almost black colour as soon as the first rays of new dawn touch its surface. It is for this reason that the early European sailors visiting this temple labelled it as ‘Black Pagoda’.

The stone-built chariot rests on 12 pairs of intricately crafted stone wheels. These wheels symbolize the months in a year and the process of passage of time. Seven mighty horses present in the temple complex seem eager to propel the chariot structure on the celestial journey.

Devotees living in India come across the magnificent wheels of this chariot regularly. Most of the devotees know Konark Sun Temple for these magnificent wheels. It is an attractive photography destination for visitors. Devotees visiting the temple usually click pictures with these wheels in the background and make memories for a lifetime.

Magnificent Sculptures

The Konark Sun Temple is no ordinary temple. It is a marvel of architecture. It is a grand canvas adorned with magnificent stone sculptures. Each spot of this grand temple is crafted with perfection. The Temple complex also includes a dining hall (Bhog Mandir) and a dance hall (Naat Mandir).

Every sculpture in the temple complex is intricately carved. There are a large number of depictions of scenes from Hindu mythology, rituals of Hinduism, and everyday life at the time when the temple was built. The sheer variety of the sculptures enthrals the visitors.

They are captivated by the depictions of mythical creatures, celestial beings, dancers, and musicians. The extent of details in the depictions is refreshing and breathtaking. It depicts the exceptional skills of the artisans who made these figures and brought them to life with their craft.

A closer look at these sculptures makes the visitors think that these sculptures are something more than aesthetic pieces of design. In a way, they narrate stories and offer a glimpse into the socio-cultural and religious fabric of human life at that time.

Mysteries, Legends, and Unanswered Questions

People visiting the temple believe that the Konark Sun Temple is more than what meets the eye. Many aspects of this temple are covered in a veil of mystery. There are many legends and mysteries surrounding this temple.

One such legend is regarding the magnificent tower (Vimana) that was once present inside the temple structure. It is believed that there was a magnet positioned at the top of the Vimana that mysteriously appeared to defy the laws of gravity.




Some believe that Muslim invaders destroyed some parts of the temple including the sanctum in the thirteenth century. The truth behind this story remains elusive to this day. However, it adds to the aura of mysteries associated with this temple.

Another mystery associated with the temple is regarding the original plan of the temple. Authentic historical records on the topic are few. There are only speculations regarding the height of the temple complex and the presence of other structures that were originally intended to be a part of the temple complex. Architectural excavations have taken place in the past but much more remains to be discovered.

Konark Sun Temple: Unending Legacy

Konark Sun Temple stands tall as a powerful symbol of the rich cultural heritage of India. It is not only a site of architectural marvels, Hindu devotees visit this site to pray to the Lord Sun.

To this day, Konark Sun Temple acts as an inspiration for architects and artists. It gives them a window to look into the glorious past of India.

Konark Sun Temple

The listing of this site as a UNESCO World Heritage Site ensures that future generations can preserve it. Regularly, people make efforts to protect, maintain, and restore sites inside the temple complex.

Efforts to preserve ensure the protection of this site for future generations. It is also a way to make sure that this architectural gem continues to inspire the coming generations.

How to Reach Konark Sun Temple

Devotees from all parts of India and travellers from many countries of the world visit Konark Sun Temple. There are mainly three ways in which they can reach this temple. We list ways to reach the temple.

By Road

Konark has good connectivity with major cities in Odisha such as Puri, Sambalpur, and Bhubaneshwar. Devotees can take a bus or a taxi based on their requirements and preferences. Buses regularly operate between Konark and cities such as Bhubaneshwar and Puri.

Taking a bus is a budget-friendly option. However, it can be a more time-consuming option in comparison to taxis. Devotees preferring comfort and convenience opt for taxis.

By Rail

The nearest railway station is located in Puri. It is located 36 kilometres from Konark. Devotees can easily catch buses or taxis to reach Konark Sun Temple. Devotees can easily reach the temple within an hour.

By Air

The airport located nearest to Konark Sun Temple is Biju Patnaik International Airport in Bhubaneshwar. It is located 64 kilometres from the temple. Devotees can easily catch buses or taxis to reach Konark Sun Temple. It takes less than two hours to reach the temple.

Dress Code

Konark Sun temple is one of the most important temples in Hinduism. It is important for the devotees to adhere to a modest and respectful dress code to maintain the sanctity of this temple. Devotees can keep the following points in mind.

Devotees can avoid wearing excessively fancy clothing. It is appropriate to not wear revealing clothes for visiting the temple.

Devotees visiting the temple should consider wearing clothes as per the existing weather conditions. Weather conditions in Konark are usually hot and humid except for the winter months of December, and January.




For summer months, devotees should consider wearing airy and comfortable fabrics such as linen and cotton. In the winter months, it would be better to carry woollen clothing. Devotees planning to cover their heads should carry a scarf or a dupatta for this purpose.

Male devotees can wear traditional Indian outfits such as kurta pyjama or dhoti kurta. Female devotees can wear traditional clothing such as sarees or salwar suits. It is important to select traditional but comfortable clothing for the visit.

Last but not least, it is a common practice in Hinduism to remove footwear near the temple complex before entering. Before entering the temple, devotees should prepare to take off their shoes.

Key Points to Remember

The best time to visit Konark Sun Temple is from October to March. The weather in Konark is pleasant during this time.

The organizers host the annual dance festival, also known as the Konark Dance Festival, in the month of December.

The temple complex remains open from 6 am to 8 pm for the visitors.

Indian visitors must pay an entry fee of INR 40. Foreigners have to pay INR 600 for the same.

The distance between Konark Sun Temple and Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri is approximately 36 kilometres. It takes less than an hour to travel between the two locations by car.

Final Glimpse

The Konark Sun temple is a grand testament to the enduring power of human creativity and timeless Architecture. This magnificent monument transcends time and tells the tale of the glorious past of India. It inspires awe in the visitors.

Konark Sun Temple has something to offer for every visitor. Devotees, history buffs, and travellers throng the temple complex throughout the year. Visitors dive deep into the ancient traditions of India and marvel at the rich architectural heritage of the place.

They fall short of words to appreciate this rich tapestry of the culture of India. India is rich in architectural marvels. There are many temples of architectural importance located in India. Devotees visit temples such as Shri Mahakaleshwar temple and Shri Banke Bihari Temple to seek blessings of the deities.

People can read about temples such as Shri Padmanabh Swami Temple and Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple on 99Pandit. Devotees can visit the website or application of 99Pandit to find out more information about important temples in India.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.Where is Konark Sun Temple located?

A.Konark Sun Temple is located in Konark. Konark is located in the Puri district of Odisha.

Q.How to reach Konark Sun Temple?

A.Devotees and travellers visiting the Konark Sun Temple can easily reach this temple through road, rail, and air connectivity.

Q.What is the dress code for visiting Konark Sun Temple?

A.Devotees visiting the Sun Temple in Konark should wear decent and respectful clothing for visiting this temple. Male devotees can wear kurtas and female devotees can wear sarees.

Q.What is the benefit of visiting Konark Sun Temple?

A.Devotees visit the Sun Temple in Konark to seek the blessings of Lord Sun for peace, prosperity, and happiness.



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