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Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam: Date, History, And Rituals

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Last Updated:April 24, 2023

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What is Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja in north India and which deity is worshipped in this puja? What is the purpose of performing Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam? Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam falls in each lunar month of the Hindu calendar. As per Hinduism, two Chaturthi tithis come in every lunar month. 

The first Chaturthi comes after the full moon or Purnima which is known as the Sankatahara Chaturthi during Krishna paksha. And the second one Chaturthi comes after the new moon and means Amavasya is called Vinayaka Chaturthi during shukla paksha. 

However, Sankatahara Chaturthi mostly falls in the month of Magha as per the purnima and the month of paush according to Amavasya school, and fasting of Chaturthi puja is done every month. 

Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja

It is said that if sankatahara Chaturthi comes on Tuesday, it is referred to as Angakari Chaturthi which is highly auspicious. In the west and south parts of India especially in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam is performed.

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The Sankatahara Chaturthi puja is dedicated to the benign elephant God or Lord Ganesha, he helps the devotee to get rid of problems and difficulties coming in life. This festival is also known as Sankashti Chaturthi which is observed in krishna paksha “Chaturthi”. 

In the Hindu Panchang, a lunar month is represented by two Chaturthi Tithis (Dates). “Sankashti Chaturthi” takes place after Puranmasi or on the full moon day during the Krishna Paksha, whereas “Vinayaka Chaturthi” comes after Amavasya or on the new moon day during the Shukla Paksha. States in both the north and south of India celebrate Sankashti Chaturthi. The Sanskrit word “Sankashti” means “freedom from difficult times” and is derived from that language.

What Is Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam

The Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam word is derived from combining two separate words ‘Sankat’ or ‘Sankata’ means problems and ‘Hara’ means remover of obstacles. Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam has other names Sankashti Chaturthi, Vinayaka Chaturthi, and Angarka Chaturthi.

The Chaturthi puja is observed on the 4th day after the Purnima or full moon day. Not only god, but people also worship the moon by offering flowers, rice, sandalwood paste, Chandan, and water in the direction of the moon.

According to the Hindu calendar, Chaturthi is celebrated on the fourth day after a full moon and the fourth day following a new moon. Thus, Vinayaka Chaturthi and Sankashti Chaturthi are the two Chaturthi. It is referred to as Angaraki Chaturthi when this event happens on a Tuesday. India celebrates this holiday with a lot of fanfare. The celebration is known as Sankatahara Chaturthi in Tamil Nadu.

The fourth day of the Hindu lunisolar calendar month Bhadrapada marks the beginning of Vinayaka Chaturthi, also known as Ganesh Chaturthi. Ganesha clay idols are installed as part of the event, particularly in homes and workplaces. Vedic songs, sacrifices, prayers, sweets, and a 10-day fast are observed.

Significance Of Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam

Lord Ganesha is known as the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati according to Hindu mythology. The god of remover of obstacles and harbinger of success, Lord Ganesha is loved and venerated. He is the elephant-headed god along with the human head in the form of primordial. On the occasion of Sankatahara Chaturthi puja, Lord Ganesha is worshipped as a happy dancer, strength, a sweet child, and many others. 

To seek blessings and start any new venture Lord Ganesha helps the devotee to follow the custom of Sankatahara Chaturthi puja & Sankashti Chaturthi.

Importance Of Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja

On the Chaturthi Tithi, seeing the moon is a sacred ceremony that is carefully observed. The fast is broken after the moonrise on Sankashti Chaturthi. If someone observes this fast, it is thought that all of their aspirations will be accomplished. The ideal cycle of Sankashti Chaturthi is made up of 13 Vrats in total. And each Vrat has a unique Vrat Katha. The final Katha that can be read once every four years is “Adika.”

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In Hindu dharma the god who is worshipped first before any auspicious things are the elephant-headed god Lord Ganesha. At the beginning of the new venture and rituals, Lord Ganesha is worshipped. In the month there is one day when the Sanakatahara Chaturthi puja is performed.

Sankatahara Chaturthi puja falls on Tuesday or Friday and is considered more auspicious. The devotees are aware of Ganesha Chaturthi which comes in Bhadrapada month (Aug-Sept), but Sankatahara Chaturthi is also related to Lord Ganesha and is extensive.

Date And Time Of Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja | Sankashti Chaturthi

Based on the Hindu panchang calendar the list of Sankatahara Chaturthi puja’s date and time is mentioned below:

Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja

Tuesday, 10 January – Angaraki Chaturthi; Starts at 12:09 PM on Jan 10 and ends at 2:31 PM 

Jan 11 Thursday, 9 February – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 6:23 AM on Feb 9 and ends at 7:58 AM on Feb 10

Saturday, 11 March – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 9:42 PM on Mar 10 and ends at 10:05 PM 

Mar 11 Sunday, 9 April – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 9:35 AM on Apr 9 and ends at 8:37 AM

Apr 10 Monday, 8 May – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 6:18 PM on May 8 and ends at 4:08 PM 

May 9 Wednesday, 7 June – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 12:50 AM Jun 7 and ends at 9:50 PM on Jun 7 

Thursday, 6 July – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 6:30 AM on Jul 6 and ends at 3:12 AM 

Jul 7 Friday, 4 August – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 12:45 PM on Aug 4 and ends at 9:39 AM 

Aug 5 Sunday, 3 September – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 8:49 PM on Sep 2 and ends at 6:24 PM 

Sep 3 Monday, 2 October – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 7:36 AM on Oct 2 and ends at 6:11 AM on Oct 3 Wednesday,

Wednesday, 1 November – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 9:30 PM 

Oct 31 and ends at 9:19 PM on Nov 1 Thursday, 

30 November – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 2:24 PM on Nov 30 and ends at 3:31 PM 

Dec 1 Saturday, 30 December – Sankashti Chaturthi; Starts at 9:43 AM on Dec 30 and ends at 11:55 AM PM on Dec 31

Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam History

Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam is referred to as Sankasthi Chaturthi puja. This auspicious festival is devoted to Lord Ganesha as this puja is worshipped on the fourth day of krishna paksha month. The vedic scripture mentioned that Angarak was the son of Rishi Bhardwaj and mother earth. 

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Angarak was devoted to Lord Ganesha and got his blessings on Tuesday (magh krishna Chaturthi). Lord Ganesha asked Angarak to make a wish and he conveyed that his wish was to relate him to Lord Ganesha’s name forever. 

Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja

Lord Ganesh granted the wish of Angarak and since that day, magh krishna Chaturthi has been known as Angarak Chaturthi. The followers of Angarak Chaturthi follow the strict puja rules and fast from morning to evening. In the evening after seeing the moon devotees break their fast and offer puja to Lord Ganesha. 

It is believed to say that on the Angarak Chaturthi, if the devotee makes any wishes, they will be fulfilled by the Lord Ganesha on this auspicious day. Angarak Chaturthi is the solution for those who are suffering from difficulties in their life, Lord Ganesha removes their issues from them and blesses them with a happy life.

Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam Rituals

The fourth Waning Moon is a time of spiritual significance since any worship performed will have a significantly greater impact thanks to the forces present. Therefore, Sankatahara Chaturthi is specifically chosen for Ganesha worship to remove obstructions effectively. 

Ancient texts also discuss the significance of the day, telling tales that highlight it. While people go to temples to pray to the Lord, they also build clay Ganapati idols in their homes and adore them.

The rite of shattering coconuts makes up the majority of Sankatahara Chaturthi worship. In this, large and changing quantities of coconuts are broken as a ritualistic form of worship in front of the idol or at certain areas on stone or the ground. 

The coconut has three eyes, just like Lord Shiva, which represent ego, delusion, and karma, the three basic processes of creation, preservation, and destruction. These three things are the root causes of all obstacles. We can remove all karmic influences by breaking the three-eyed coconut, which will eliminate all obstacles and allow us to advance quickly in both the material and spiritual realms.

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The mantras chanted during the Sankatahara Chaturthi puja:

Vakratunda Mahakaya Suryakoti Samaprabha | Nirvighnam Kuru Me Deva Sarva-Karyeshu Sarvada ||
Om Shreem Gam Saubhagya Ganapataye | Varvarda Sarvajanma Mein Varshamanya Namah ||

On this day, some devotees also observe Sankatahara Chaturthi Vrat, which is a form of fasting that lasts until the moon is visible in the evening.

What are the Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam vidhi to worship the god by the devotee in the right manner:

– On the day of Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam the devotee who has observed the fast for puja needs to wake up early in the morning before sunrise.

– by reciting the Vakratunda mantra, offer Ganga jal to the sun after taking a shower. 

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– Near your house if there is a Ganesh temple visit it or if you worship the god at home. Lord Ganesha is referred to as vigna-harta, the one who removes barriers, while the Sanskrit word sankashti means “liberation from suffering or boundaries.” Thus, it is not a full-scale Chaturthi, nor is it Ganesh Chaturthi, which both falls in August and September. 

– On Sankashti Chaturthi, one must move quickly from sunrise to moonrise. Fruits, vegetables, and roots should all be consumed. 

– Additionally, you can eat potatoes, peanuts, and Sabudana Khichadi/vada. 

– Additionally, you can wear divinely energized items connected to the Muladhara Chakras ruled by Lord Ganesha, such as Eight Mukhi Rudraksha beads, Ganesha Lockets, Ganesh idols or sculptures, Ganesha Yantras, and special Ganesha Puja.

Benefits Of Sankatahara Chaturthi Puja

Observing fast on Sankatahara Chaturthi puja in the month of krishna paksha gives many benefits and graceful blessings:

  • Sankatahara Chaturthi Pooja Vidhanam helps the devotee to clear problems and hurdles in life.
  • Lord Ganesha grants happiness and prosperity to the devotee who performs the fast with dedication and devotion.
  • The effect of Sankatahara Chaturthi puja makes the wishes complete.
  • Blessings of progeny and Remove negative energies including the evil eye with the blessings of Lord Ganesha.
  • Performing Sankatahara Chaturthi puja to attain wealth and prosperity in the current life.
  • The important benefit of Sankashti Chaturthi puja is to get rid of sins and help attain moksha (salvation).

Conclusion

Sankatahara Chaturthi is a happy occasion honouring Ganesha. This day is observed on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha, which is the dark lunar phase or waning phase, every lunar month of the Hindu calendar. The believers undertake a severe fast on this day. After having a darshan (the auspicious sight of the moon) and offering prayers to Ganesha, they break their fast at night. 

On this day, Ganesha is said to grant all of his worshippers his physical presence on earth. On this day, Shiva stated that all other gods, excluding Vishnu, Lakshmi, Shiva, and Parvati, were subordinate to his son Ganesha. Ganesh is highly revered as the god of knowledge, wealth, and good fortune. He has customarily summoned before the start of every new project or endeavour or the start of something auspicious.

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Frequently Asked Question

Q. What is Sankatahara Chaturthi puja?

A.
The Sankatahara Chaturthi puja word is derived from combining two separate words like ‘Sankat’ or ‘Sankata’ means problems and ‘Hara’ means remover of obstacles. Sankatahara Chaturthi puja has other names Sankashti Chaturthi, Vinayaka Chaturthi, and Angarka Chaturthi. The Chaturthi puja is observed on the 4th day after the Purnima or full moon day.

Q. Who is the main deity of Sankatahara Chaturthi puja?

A.
The sankatahara Chaturthi puja is dedicated to the benign elephant God or Lord Ganesha, he helps the devotee to get rid of problems and difficulties coming in life.

Q. Why is Sankatahara Chaturthi puja performed?

A. The fourth Waning Moon is a time of spiritual significance since any worship performed will have a significantly greater impact thanks to the forces present. Therefore, Sankatahara Chaturthi is specifically chosen for Ganesha worship to remove obstructions effectively.

Q. What should devotees do on occasion on Sankatahara Chaturthi puja?

A. The fourth day of the Hindu lunisolar calendar month Bhadrapada marks the beginning of Sankatahara Chaturthi, also known as Ganesh Chaturthi. Ganesha clay idols are installed as part of the event, particularly in homes and workplaces. Vedic songs, sacrifices, prayers, sweets, and a 10-day fast are observed.

Q. When is it advised to break the Sankatahara Chaturthi puja fast?

A. On the Chaturthi Tithi, seeing the moon is a sacred ceremony that is carefully observed. The fast is broken after the moonrise on Sankashti Chaturthi. If someone observes this fast, it is thought that all of their aspirations will be accomplished.

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